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Title: Age And Growth Estimation Using Growth Band Counts Of Orange Mud Crab, Scylla Olivacea (Herbst, 1796) From Setiu Wetlands, Peninsular Malaysia
Authors: Nurul Hasyima Binti Ismail
Keywords: Orange Mud Crab
Scylla Olivacea
Issue Date: May-2018
Publisher: Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
Abstract: Orange mud crab, Scylla olivacea (Herbst, 1796) is an important fishery products in Malaysia. Age study is important to generate the information on growth, recruitment, longevity, mortality for mud crab stock assessment. The aim of this study is to investigate the Growth Band Counts (GBC) deposited in thin sections of gastric mill of S. olivacea as age indicator for this species. A total of 90 wild caught S. olivacea were sampled from Setiu Wetlands, Peninsular Malaysia (February – October 2016) and 25 individuals of S. olivacea were reared in the hatchery of Institute of Tropical Aquaculture, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu for one year (March 2016 - March 2017). The periodicity of GBC in gastric mill of S. olivacea was validated using reared of known age samples. The results revealed that the presence of one GBC in reared S. olivacea were parallel to the age one year old of S. olivacea absolute age. One to three GBC were present in wild caught S. olivacea which indicated the age of one to three years old, respectively. There was a significantly positive relationship between Carapace Width (CW) and age, as the number of growth bands increased with putative age. The accuracy of bands counting was assessed by lower coefficient of variation values of reared and wild caught S. olivacea with 6.00 – 6.23% and 8.52 – 8.40%, respectively. Using the von Bertalanffy Growth Model equation, the growth parameters of S. olivacea was estimated and growth curves was fitted to CW at age data. The growth parameters such as asymptotic CW (CW∞), growth coefficient (K year -1 ) and initial condition parameter (t0) of the known age S. olivacea were narrower at 20.07 cm, 0.31 year -1 and - 0.20 than the wild samples at 28.01 cm, 0.36 year -1 and - 0.73 for female and at 29.34 cm, 0.38 year -1 and - 0.79 for male, respectively. The age composition suggested that S. olivacea population found in the Setiu Wetlands, Peninsular Malaysia has at least reached the age of 2 years old. The findings obtained from this study would substantially improve the direct age - based assessment for biological and ecological studies of mud crabs.
Appears in Collections:Institut Akuakultur Tropika

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